The Japanese Home Front 1937–45
Elite 240



Philip Jowett


Adam Hook


This 64-page paperback book is the 240th book in the Elite Series of books that are available from Osprey Publications.


Friends Standing in Doorway

From the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937 until the Japanese surrender in August 1945, a multitude of military and civil-defense forces strove to support the Japanese war effort and latterly prepared to defend the Home Islands against invasion. During World War II, Japan was the world’s most militarized society and by 1945 nearly every Japanese male over the age of 10 wore some kind of military attire, as did the majority of women and girls. In this volume, Philip Jowett reveals the many militaries and civil-defense organizations active in wartime Japan, while specially commissioned artwork and carefully chosen archive photographs depict the appearance of the men, women and children involved in the Japanese war effort in the Home Islands throughout World War II.



Student Drill


The contents of this book are:

  • Introduction
  • Medical Services
    • The Japanese Red Cross
    • Emergency Medical Services, 1944 – 1945
  • The Police
    • The Kempritai
    • The Tokubetsu Koto Keisatsu
    • The Keibitai
  • The Fire Service
    • Private fire brigades
    • The neighborhood association’s role in firefighting
  • The Keibodan
  • Civil-defense Organizations
    • Neighborhood associations
    • Women’s patriotic associations
  • Patriotic Volunteer Groups
    • Civilian Volunteers
    • Patriotic youth groups
    • The Boetei
  • Air Defenses
    • The evacuation of civilians, 1944 – 45
  • The Transportation System
    • The railroad system
    • Motor transport
    • Merchant shipping
  • Industries in Wartime
    • The Japanese labor force
    • Women in the War Industries
    • Japanese youths at war
    • Feeding the nation
  • Daily Life in Wartime Japan
    • Restrictions on daily life
    • The rationing of goods and services
    • Food Shortages
    • Public health
    • The effects of US bombing on Japan
  • Bibliography
  • Index



Anti-aircraft Drill


Elite 240, The Japanese Home Front 1937 – 1945 is a departure from the normal military books that are published by Osprey Publications in the Elite Series. This book deals with the civilian population of war-torn Japan during the World War II years. In this book we learn a little bit about the civilian population of Japan during these years. It’s a glimpse into a period of history not often thought about.

This book is an extremely good reference book for the vignette/diorama builder who wants to integrate civilian figures into a Japanese scene. The modeler will gain all types of inspiration in creating a mixture of military and civilian figures into a single model scene.

This 64-page paperback book, The Japanese Home Front 1937 – 1945 is the 240th book in the Elite series of books that are available from Osprey Publishing.




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(The photographs used in this review are copied with the permission of Osprey Publications.)