Battle of White Plains 1776:
By John Pezzola
The Battle of White Plains took place about 20 minutes north of New York City on 28 October 1776. Following the retreat of Gen. George Washington’s Continental forces from New York, Gen. William Howe landed his British forces in the county of Westchester with the intentions of cutting of Washington’s escape route and threatening the line of communications between New England and the other colonies.
Washington—privy to this information—established a defensive position along the outskirts of the village of White Plains where the Continental Army had a small supply depot. He would fail to capitalize on holding the high ground. As a result, Washington would abandon his position and begin his epic retreat into New Jersey. Gen. Howe did not pursue the Americans, thereby allowing them to fight another day. Along with the engagement that took place outside of White Plains, the tactics utilized by both sides will be explored to further enhance the understanding of the operational failures and success of both armies.
Future Russia Baltic States War
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· Future Russia Baltic States War: Recently, the Russians have moved aggressively into what they refer to as the “near abroad,” those areas adjacent to Russia which hold significant geopolitical interests. This includes the Baltic States, and the Russian enclave at Kaliningrad. The potential for conflict in this area is examined.
· Battle of White Plains, 1776: Following the retreat of the Continental forces from the New York area, Washington established a defensive position at White Plains. Howe sought to defeat the Continentals and cut off communications between New England and the other colonies.
· Lost Victories: The Battles of Hannut & Gembloux, May 1940: On the strategic and operational levels, the Allied forces were soundly defeated by the Germans in May 1940. On the tactical level at the Battles of Hannut and Gembloux, the French scored victories despite German numerical superiority in tanks with total air support.
· Pax Romana at Sea: The Naval Dimension of Roman Imperial Power: The fleets became vitally important to the defense and survival of the empire, as they patrolled its waterways and borders, safeguarding regional trade routes. In times of crisis, the navy switched roles to transport troops and supplies, but even then, its light combatants could be brought into play in direct support of ground operations.
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